Unit History – 8th U. S. Infantry

20 06 2022

In Texas January, 1861. Forced to surrender while en route north. “C” at San Antonio April 22, “A” and “D” at Indianola April 24, and Companies “B,” “E,” “F,” “H,” “I” and “K” at San Lucas Springs May 9, 1861. Company “G” attached to Porter’s Brigade, Hunter’s Division, McDowell’s Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Advance on Manassas. Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Company “F” reached Washington, D. C., July, 1861. Companies “F” and “G” attached to Porter’s City Guard, Washington, D. C., to March, 1862. Provost Guard, Headquarters, Army Potomac, to July, 1863 (Cos. “A,” “B,” “D,” “F,” “G”). Dept. of the East to April, 1864. Provost Guard, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to October, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to November, 1864. Baltimore, Md., 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to August, 1865.

SERVICE.— Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. Moved to Virginia Peninsula. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Expedition up the Pamunkey May 17. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Mechanicsville June 26. Gaines’ Mill June 27. Tur-key Bridge June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. Movement to Alexandria August 16-23. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. (Co. “B” joined at Sharpsburg October 3. 1862.) At Sharpsburg, Md., till October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6, 1863. (Co. “C” joined at Falmouth, Va., April 18, 1863.) Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Ordered to New York July 15. At City Hall Park, New York July 17-30, and on the Battery, New York, till August 22. At Forts in N. Y. Harbor till April 23, 1864. Moved to Washington, D. C., April 23. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-21; North Anna River May 22-26; Totopotomoy May 28-31; Cold Harbor June 1-12; Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16-November 2. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run. October 27-28. Moved to Buffalo, N. Y., November 2, thence to Baltimore, Md., November 22, and duty there till August, 1865.

Companies “C” and “D” reached Washington, D. C., April, 1862. Attached to Defences of Washington, to May, 1862. Cooper’s 1st Brigade, Sigel’s Division, Dept. of the Shenandoah, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army Potomac, September, 1862. Joined other Companies at Headquarters Army Potomac. Moved to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va., May 24, 1862. Defence of Harper’s Ferry May 24-30. Operations in the Shenandoah Valley till August. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope’s Virginia Campaign August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 20-23. Sulphur Springs August 26. Plains of Manassas August 27-29. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17.

Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 15 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 47 Enlisted men by disease. Total 67.

From Frederick Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, pp. 1711-1712


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