Unit History – 28th Virginia Infantry

20 05 2022

Completed its organization at Lynchburg, Virginia, in June, 1861. Its members were raised in the counties of Botetourt, Craig, Bedford, Campbell, and Roanoke. After fighting at First Manassas the unit was assigned to General Pickett’s, Garnett’s, and Hunton’s Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. It was active in the campaigns of the army from Williamsburg to Gettysburg except wen it served with Longstreet at Suffolk. The 29th moved to North Carolina, then was on detached duty at Richmond. It fought at Cold Harbor, endured the battles and hardships of the Petersburg trenches, and was engaged in various conflicts around Appomattox. The regiment totalled 600 men in April, 1862, and reported 40 casualties at Williamsburg and 47 at Seven Pines. It lost 12 killed and 52 wounded at Second Manassas, had 8 killed and 54 wounded during the Maryland Campaign, and, of the 333 engaged at Gettysburg, half were disabled. Many were captured at Sayler’s Creek, and 3 officers and 51 men surrendered on April 9, 1865. The field officers were Colonels Robert C. Allen, Robert T. Preston, and William Watts; Lieutenant Colonels Samuel B. Paul and William L. Wingfield; and Majors Michael P. Spessard and Nathaniel C. Wilson.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, p. 376





Unit History – 19th Virginia Infantry

19 05 2022

Organized at Manassas Junction, Virginia, in May, 1861, contained men recruited at Charlottesville and in the counties of Albemarle, Nelson, and Amherst. It fought at First Manassas under General Cocke, then was assigned to General Pickett’s, Garnett’s, and Hunton’s Brigade. The 19th participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from Williamsburg to Gettysburg except when it was with Longstreet at Suffolk. Later it served in North Carolina, returned to Virginia, and was active at Drewry’s Bluff and Cold Harbor. Continuing the fight, it was engaged in the Petersburg siege north of the James River and the Appomattox Campaign. It reported 6 casualties at First Manassas and in April, 1862, totalled 650 effectives. The regiment had 138 casualties during the Seven Days’ Battles and lost forty-two percent of the 150 in the Maryland Campaign and more than forty-five percent of the 328 engaged Gettysburg. Many were captured at Sayler’s Creek, and only 1 officer and 29 men surrendered. The field officers were Colonels P. St. George Cocke, Henry Gantt, Armistead T. M. Rust, and John B. Strange; Lieutenant Colonels John T. Ellis, Charles S. Peyton, and Bennett Taylor; and Majors Waller M. Boyd and William Watts.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, pp. 369-370





Unit History – 18th Virginia Infantry

19 05 2022

Completed its organization in May, 1861. Its members were recruited at Danville and Farmville, and in the counties of Nottoway, Cumberland, Prince Edward, Appomattox, Pittsylvania, and Charlotte. The unit fought at First Manassas under General Cocke, then was assigned to General Pickett’s, Garnett’s, and Hunton’s Brigade. It participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from Williamsburg to Gettysburg except when it was detached to Suffolk with Longstreet. Later it served in North Carolina, returned to Virginia, and took an active part in the battles at Drewry’s Bluff and Cold Harbor. The 18th endured the hardships of the Petersburg trenches north of the James River and saw action around Appomattox. It lost 6 killed and 12 wounded at First Manassas and in April, 1862, had 700 men fit for duty. The unit reported 206 casualties during the Seven Days’ Battles, and of the 120 engaged in the Maryland Campaign, thirty-six percent were disabled. In the fight at Gettysburg more than seventy-five percent of the 312 in action were killed, wounded, or missing. Many were captured at Sayler’s Creek and only 2 officers and 32 men surrendered. The field officers were Colonels Henry A. Carrington and Robert E. Withers, Lieutenant Colonel George C. Cabell, and Major Edwin G. Wall.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, pp. 368-369





Unit History – 8th Virginia Infantry

18 05 2022

Was organized at Leesburg, Virginia, in May, 1861. Its members were recruited in the counties of Loudoun, Prince William, and Fairfax. The unit was also called “Old Bloody Eighth” and from time to time “The Berkeley Regiment” because it’s Colonel, Lieutenant Colonel, Major, and one Captain were the four Berkeley brothers. During the war it was brigaded under Generals Cocke, Pickett, R. B. Garnett, and Hunton. It fought at First Manassas and Leesburg, and in April, 1862, it totalled 450 effectives. The 8th was involved in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from Williamsburg to Gettysburg, served in the Department of Richmond, then took part in the conflicts at Drewry’s Bluff and Cold Harbor. It went on to participate in the Petersburg siege north of the James River and the Appomattox Campaign, This unit sustained 30 casualties at First Manassas, lost 8 killed and 43 wounded of the 375 engaged at Leesburg, and had 10 killed and 66 wounded during the Seven Days’ Battles. Of the 193 engaged at Gettysburg about 90 percent were killed, wounded, or missing. From June 1 to December 31, 1864, it reported 53 casualties, and many were captured at Sayler’s Creek. Only 1 surgeon and 11 privates surrendered on April 9, 1865. The field officers were Colonels Norborne Berkeley and Eppa Hunton, Lieutenant Colonels Edmund Berkely and Charles B. Tebbs, and Majors William N. Berkeley and James Thrift.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, pp. 359-360





Unit History – 17th Virginia Infantry

17 05 2022

Was organized at Manassas, Virginia, in June, 1861, using the 6th Battalion Virginia Infantry as its nucleus. Men of this unit were recruited in the counties of Warren, Fairfax, Loudoun, Prince William, and Fauquier. After fighting at First Manassas under General Longstreet, it was assigned to General Ewell’s, A. P. Hill’s, Kemper’s, and Corse’s Brigade. The 17th fought with the Army of Northern Viriginia from Williamsburg to Fredericksburg, then participated in Longstreet’s Suffolk Expedition. During the Gettysburg Campaign it was on detached duty at Gordonsville and later served in Tennessee and North Carolina. Returning to Virginia it fought at Drewry’s Bluff and Cold Haror, saw action in the Petersburg trenches, and ended the war at Appomattox. This regiment totalled 600 men in April, 1862, lost 17 killed and 47 wounded at Williamsburg, had 18 killed and 41 wounded at Seven Pines, and had 17 killed, 23 wounded, and 73 missing at Frayser’s Farm. It reported 48 casualties at Second Manassas, 13 at South Mountain, and of the 55 engaged at Sharpsburg about 75 percent were disabled. At Drewry’s Bluff 7 were killed and 23 wounded. Many were captured at Sayler’s Creek, and 2 officers and 46 men surrendered on April 9, 1865. The field officers were Colonels Montgomery D. Corse, Arthur Herbert, and Morton Marye; Lieutenant Colonels William Munford and Grayson Tyler; and Majors George W. Brent and Robert H. Simpson.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, pp. 368





Unit History – 1st Virginia Infantry

16 05 2022

Completed its organization at Richmond, Virgnia, in May, 1861. At the outbreak of the war it had ten companies, but in April three were detached. This the unit contained seven companies from Richmond and mid-July a company from Washington, D. C. was added. It fought at First Manassas under General Longstreet and in August totalled 570 men. During April, 1862, when the regiment was reorganized, it contained only six companies. The 1st was assigned to A. P. Hill’s, Kemper’s, and W. R. Terry’s Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. It was active from Williamsburg to Gettysburg except when it was Longstreet at Suffolk. Later the unit was involved in the capture of Plymouth, the conflicts at Drewry’s Bluff and Cold Harbor, the Petersburg siege south and north of the James River, and the Appomattox Campaign. This regiment lost twenty-two percent of the 140 engaged at Second Manassas, had 9 wounded at Fredericksburg, and had mor than half of the 209 at Gettysburg disabled. Its casualties were 12 killed and 25 wounded at Drewry’s Bluff, 1 killed and 77 wounded at Five Forks, and 40 captured at Sayler’s Creek. Only 17 surrendered on April 9, 1865. The field officers were Colonels Patrick T. Moore, F. G. Skinner, and Lewis B. Williams; Lieutenant Colonels William H. Fry and Frank H. Langley; and Majors John Dooley, William P. Mumford, George F. Norton, and William H. Palmer.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, pp. 350





Unit History – 5th North Carolina Infantry

12 05 2022

Was organized at Halifax, North Carolina, in July, 1861. Its companies were recruited in the counties of Cumberland, Gates, Johnston, Graven, Rowan, Bertie, Wilson, and Caswell. Ordered to Virginia, the regiment reached Manassas on July 19 and fought in the battle under General Longstreet. IN April, 1862, it had 460 effectives and during the war was brigaded under Generals Early, Garland, Iverson, and R. D. Johnston. It participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from Williamsburg to Cold Harbor, then was involved in Early’s operations in the Shenandoah Valley and the Appomattox Campaign. It had 180 men in action at Seven Pines, lost 10 killed, 22 wounded, and 4 missing during the Seven Days’ Battles, and had 4 killed and 37 wounded at Chancellorsville. The unit took 473 men to Gettysburg, losing more then half, and reported 16 disabled at Bristoe and 3 at Mine Run. It surrendered with 7 officers and 76 men of which 48 were armed. The field officers were Colonels Thomas M. Garrett and Duncan K. McRae; and Lieutenant Colonels John C. Badham, William J. Hill, Joseph P. Jones. John W. Lea, and Peter J. Sinclair.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, pp. 215-216





Unit History – 18th Mississippi Infantry

12 05 2022

Organized June, 1861, at Corinth, Mississippi, recruited its members in Yazoo, Coahoma, Madison, Soto, and Hinds counties. Ordered to Virginia, the unit fought at First Manassas under D. R. Jones, then was engaged at Leesburg. In April, 1862, it contained 684 effectives and served in General Griffith’s, Barksdale, and Humphrey’s Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. The 18th participated in many campaigns from the Seven Days’ Battles to Cold Harbor including the operations at Chickamauga and Knoxville. It went on to fight with Early in the Shenandoah Valley and later around Appomattox. The unit reported 38 casualties at First Manassas, 85 at Leesburg, and 132 at Malvern Hill. Of the 186 engaged at Sharpsburg, forty-three percent were disabled. It had 18 wounded at Fredericksburg, 25 killed and 43 wounded at Chancellorsville, and 18 killed and 82 wounded of the 242 at Gettysburg. Many were captured at Sayler’s Creek, and only 4 officers and 44 men surrendered. The field officers were Colonels E. R. Burt and Thomas M. Griffin; Lieutenant Colonel Walter G. Kearney and William H. Luse; and Majors John H. Balfour, James C. Campbell, G. B. Gerald, and E. G. Henry.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, pp. 177-178





Unit History – 17th Mississippi

11 05 2022

Was organized in Corinth, Mississippi, in June, 1861 and soon moved to Virginia. The men were drawn from the counties of Pike, Chickasaw, Marshall, Quitman, Alcorn, Tishomingo, Panola, Grenada, and Benton. It fought under D. R. Jones at First Manassas and in April, 1862 contained 692 effectives. During the remainder of the war it served under Generals H. Cobb, Griffith, Barksdale, and Humphreys. After fighting at Leesburg, the 17th was active in the difficult campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from Seven Pines to Cold Harbor, except when detached to Chickamauga and Knoxville. It was involved in Early’s Shenandoah Valley operations and later the Appomattox Campaign. The regiment took 600 men to Leesburg and lost 2 killed and 9 wounded. It reported 15 killed and 92 wounded during the Seven Days’ Battles, 9 killed and 77 wounded of the 270 at Sharpsburg, 13 wounded at Fredericksburg, and 10 killed and 70 wounded at Chancellorsville. Of the 469 engaged at Gettysburg, forty-three percent were disabled. Many were lost at Sayler’s Creek, and only 3 officers and 62 men surrendered. The field officers were Colonels Winfield S. Featherston, John C. Fizer, and William D. Holder; Lieutenant Colonel John McGuirk; and Majors William L. Duff, John M. Lyles, and Edward W. Upshaw.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, pp. 176-177





Unit History – 6th Louisiana Infantry

11 05 2022

Was organized in May, 1861 at Camp Moore, Louisiana. Its members were recruited in New Orleans and the parishes of Union, Sabine, Ouachita, St. Landry, and St. Bernard. Many of these men were of the newspaper trades and half were “Irishmen.” Ordered to Virginia, the regiment served under General Ewell at Fist Manassas, then was assigned to R. Taylor’s, Hays’, and York’s Brigade. After participating in Jackson’s Valley Campaign, it fought with the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days’ Battles to Cold Harbor. It continued the fight with Early in the Shenandoah Valley and later shared in the Appomattox operations. The 6th reported 66 casualties at Cross Keys and Port Republic, 47 during the Maryland Campaign, 12 at Fredericksburg, and 81 at Chancellorsville. It lost 43 killed and wounded at Second Winchester, and twenty-eight percent of the 218 at Gettysburg. There were 89 captured at Rappahannock Station. Only 4 officers and 48 men surrendered. The field officers were Colonels William Monaghan, Isaac G. Seymour, and Henry B. Strong; Lieutenant Colonels Joseph HAnlon, Louis Lay, and Nat. Offutt; and Majors George W. Christy, Samuel L. James, William H. Manning, and Arthur McArthur, Jr.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, p. 144