Unit History – 4th Alabama Infantry

3 06 2022

Completed its organization at Dalton, Georgia, in May, 1861. The men were from Dallas, Madison, Macon, Lauderdale, Jackson, Marengo, Perry, and Concecuh counties. Ordered to Virginia, the unit fought at the Battle of First Manassas under General B. E. Bee. In this fight it lost thirty-three percent of the 750 engaged, including all its field officers. Later the 4th was assigned to General Law’s and W. F. Perry’s Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. It was active int the campaigns of the army from Seven Pines to Cold Harbor except when it was detached with Longstreet at Suffolk, Chickamauga, and Knoxville. The regiment was placed in the trenches of Petersburg and ended the war at Appomattox. It reported 130 men disabled at Gaines’ Mill, 63 at Second Manassas, and 87 at Gettysburg. Other casualties sustained were thirty-three percent of the 300 at Chickamauga and thirty percent of the 250 at the Wilderness. This unit surrendered with 21 officers and 202 men. The field officers were Colonels P. D. Bowles, Egbert J. Jones, and Evander M. Law; Lieutenant Colonels Thomas J. Goldsby, O. K. McLemore, and L. H. Scruggs; and Majors Ben Allston, T. K. Coleman, W. Mack Robbins, and Charles L. Scott.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, pp. 5-6





Unit History – Wise Artillery (Alburtis’s Battery)

3 06 2022

Was formed in 1859 and entered Confederate service during April, 1861. The unit was active at First Manassas, sustained 6 casualties during the Seven Days’ Battles, and suffered heavy losses at Sharpsburg. In October, 1862, it was broken up. The men were assigned to S. D. Lee’s Battalion of Artillery, and many joined Eubank’s-Taylor’s Battery. Its commanders were Captains Ephraim G. Alburtis and James S. Brown.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, p. 393