Unit History – 1st U. S. Cavalry

20 06 2022

On the Pacific Coast till November, 1861. Concentrated at Washington, D. C., November, 1861, to January, 1862. (Cos. “D” and “G” in New Mexico. Evacuation of Forts Breckenridge and Buchanan. Stationed at Fort Craig. Defence of Fort Craig January-February, 1862. Near Fort Craig February 19. Action at Valverde February 21. Apache Canon, near Santa Fe, March 26. Glorietta or Pigeon Ranch March 28. Albuquerque April 25. Peralta April 27.) Regiment attached to Cooke’s Cavalry Reserve, Army Potomac, January to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Reserve, Army Potomac, to July, 1862. Headquarters Army Potomac to February, 1863. Reserve Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to August, 1864. 3rd (Reserve) Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to December, 1864. Headquarters Army Shenandoah to March. 1865. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division. Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to July, 1865.

SERVICE. — Advance on Manassas, Va. July 16-21, 1861 (Cos. “A” and “E”). Battle of Bull Run July 21 (Cos. “A” and “E”). Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. Moved to Virginia Peninsula March. Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 5-May 4. Cheese Cake Church May 4. Reconnoissance to Hanover Court House May 26. Operations against Stuart June 13-15. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Gaines’ Mill June 27. Malvern Hill July 1. Reconnoissance to Charlestown, W. Va., October 16-17. Charlestown October 16. Battle of Fredericksburg. Va., December 12-15. Expedition from Potomac Creek to Richards’ and Ellis’ Fords, Rappahannock River December 29-30. Kelly’s Ford March 17, 1863. Stoneman’s Raid April 29-May 8. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Middleburg June 19. Upperville June 21. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Williamsport. Md., July 6. Boonsboro July 8. Benevola or Beaver Creek July 9. About Funkstown July 10-13. Falling Waters July 14. Manassas Gap, Va., July 21-22. Wapping Heights and Chester Gap July 23. Kelly’s Ford July 31-August 1. Brandy Station August 1-4. In Defences of Washington till September. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Manassas Junction October 17. Bristoe Station October 18. Advance to the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Barnett’s Ford February 6-7. Custer’s Raid in Albemarle County February 28-March 1. Near Charlottesville February 29. Stannardsville March 1. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Wilderness May 5-7. Todd’s Tavern May 7-8. Sheridan’s Raid to the James River May 9-24. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Mechanicsville May 12. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Hanovertown Ferry and Hanovertown May 27. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Old Church and Mattadequin Creek May 30. Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor, May 31 -June 1. Sheridan’s Trevillian Raid June 7-24. Trevillian Station June 11-12. Mallory’s Cross Roads June 12. Black Creek or Tunstall Station and White House or St. Peter’s Church June 21. Jones’ Bridge June 23. Siege of Petersburg till August. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Malvern Hill July 28. Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Toll Gate, near White Post, and near Newtown. August 11. Near Strasburg August 14. Summit Point August 21. Halltown and near Kearneysville August 25. Leetown and Smithfleld August 28. Smithfield crossing of the Opequan, August 29. Locke’s Ford, Opequan Creek, September 13. Sevier’s Ford, Opequan Creek September 15. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher’s Hill September 21. Milford September 22. Front Royal September 23. Luray Valley September 24. Port Republic September 26-27. Rockfish Gap September 28. Mt. Crawford October 2. Tom’s Brook. Woodstock Races, October 8-9. Expedition into Surrey County October 16-18. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Near Kernstown November 11. Expedition into Loudoun and Fauquier counties November 28-December 3. Expedition from Winchester to near Gordonsville December 19-28. Liberty Mills December 22. Near Gordonsville December 23. Sheridan’s Raid from Winchester February 27-March 25. 1865. Occupation of Staunton March 2. Action at Waynesborough March 2. Duguidsville March 8. Appomattox Campaign March 28- April 9. Dinwiddle Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Scott’s Cross Roads April 2. Tabernacle Church or Beaver Pond Creek April 4. Sailor’s Creek April 6. Appomattox Station April 8. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 23-29. Moved to Washington, D. C, May. Grand Review May 23. Ordered to New Orleans, La., and duty there till December, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 73 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 91 Enlisted men by disease. Total 175.

From Frederick Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, pp. 1689-1690


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