A New Old Map of the Battlefield

21 09 2016

Author John Hennessy passed along this heretofore unseen, by him or me, map. It was provided to him by reader Kimball Brace, who found it in the Library of Virginia. Kim has been researching E. Porter Alexander and the signal stations around Manassas and the Bull Run Line.

Mr. Hennessy correctly points out some of the notable features of the map include its depictions of the Beale and Van Pelt houses and details of the topography around the Stone Bridge.

The key (click for large images):

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The map (click for large images):

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Here is a transcription of the key, provided by a staff member at the Winery at Bull Run. I’ll try to find out more about that part of the story later…

The key:
A. Centreville Road to Stone Bridge
B. Forest each side Centreville Road
C. Enemies long Parrot Gun, Rifled; opening light Sunday Morning July 21st 1861, on Col Wheat’s Battalion (marked by a circle with an X in it)
D. Beale’s House, vacated by family Wednesday July 17th.
E. Shaeffers encampment, of Battalion, Co S Beauregard Rifles, Capt Shaeffer. New Orleans ____ Blues. Capt Goodauyn. New Market ___ Capt H N B Wood.
F. Thicket to which a large force of the enemy were concealed.
G. Cornfield fronting entrenchment Schaeffer’s Battalion
H. Entrenchment left-wing Capt Wood’s __ north side Bull Run.
I. Shaeffer’s Battalion entrenched, s.side Bull Run.
J. Latham’s Battery 2 guns (one marked XX) firing upon enemy at A B & C
K. Albemarle Regt Col Strange Comm at, entrenched on Bluff of Bull Run
L. Wheat Stubble between Albemarle Regt. And front of Enemy advancing at this point, Capt Latham’s Artillery, opening upon them, they commenced the flank to O, all around
M. Stone Bridge
N. Battery, of Enemy (not known invisible) moved with infancy upon Left-Flank of S.C. Army.
O. Advance of enemy, from A,B, (Carrying C.) F & G to O. and direction up to V.
P. Cornfield of Beale’s
Q. Forest Felled by Shaeffer’s Battalion
R. Turnpike to Warrenton from Stone Bridge
S. Bull Run
T. Vanpelt’s House, He having 2 sons in the Northern Army
U. Open fields over which reinforcements passed. Met the enemy, and the result was as the country knows
V. Headquarter’s, Gen E Coucke Lewis House
W. 1 Gun from Latham’s Battery managed by Lieut Saunders New O ____ Blues.
a. *Cannon Shot from enemy into headquarters
b. XX Guns’ supported by Charlottsville
c. X Monticello Guards of Latham’s Battery
d. Cursive X : open fields leading to Manassas from Lewis Farm
X. Circle around an x: Col Wheat’s encampment before 21st July

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8 responses

21 09 2016
cwbattlemapart

Very cool find..Thanks John Hennesey and Harry for sharing and posting. I downloaded and saved them as print screen images relabeling them..So if anyone wants them to look at side by side let me know.Saving this for my morning “coffees’ as a treat to to start the day off right and connect the dots!.. :)

Liked by 1 person

21 09 2016
Harry Smeltzer

Thanks Brian!

Like

21 09 2016
cwbattlemapart

Will do..Thanks Harry.

Like

21 09 2016
Harry Smeltzer

Send them along and I’ll post them.

Like

21 09 2016
Meg Groeling

Mad crush on all of you gentlemen!

Like

24 09 2016
Jonathan Soffe

Hi Harry
A couple of additions to the key:

Captain F B Schaeffer, Beauregard Rifles

New Market Volunteers, Captain H N B Wood

Crescent Blues, Company B, Captain McG Goodwyn (New Orleans)

same for Lieutenant Saunders

See http://www.firstbullrun.co.uk/Potomac/Fifth%20Brigade/schaeffers-battalion-infantry.html

Thanks Jonathan

Liked by 1 person

24 09 2016
Harry Smeltzer

Thanks Jonathan!

Like

25 09 2016
Jonathan Soffe

Headquarers Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia infantry, commanding 5th Brigade, Army of Potomac = V

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