Capt. J. B. Mulligan, ADC to Brig. Gen. Theodore Runyon, Reports on Runyon on Situation at Centreville and Fairfax Station

11 11 2020

CORRESPONDENCE, ORDERS, AND RETURNS RELATING TO OPERATIONS IN MARYLAND, PENNSYLVANIA, VIRGINIA, AND WEST VIRGINIA FROM APRIL 16 TO JULY 31, 1861

CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. – UNION

O. R. – Series I – VOLUME 2 [S #2] CHAPTER IX, pp. 751-752

Fairfax, July 21,1861—7.45 p. m.

General Runyon, Alexandria:

I reported with the De Kalb regiment at Centreville in person to General McDowell, who is there protecting the retreat of his army on the right flank.

The First and Second three-years’ New Jersey are there. The First three-months’ and Third three-years’ New Jersey are at Fairfax Station. General McDowell wishes you to communicate with General Scott whether you will take any of the regiments out of the forts.

J. B. MULLIGAN.

[The De Kalb Regiment is the 41st New York Infantry]





Col. Thomas A. Scott Communicates with PA Gov. Andrew Curtin, McDowell, and Sam. D. Young, Pennsylvania Railroad, on Troop Movements

10 11 2020

CORRESPONDENCE, ORDERS, AND RETURNS RELATING TO OPERATIONS IN MARYLAND, PENNSYLVANIA, VIRGINIA, AND WEST VIRGINIA FROM APRIL 16 TO JULY 31, 1861

CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. – UNION

O. R. – Series I – VOLUME 2 [S #2] CHAPTER IX, pp. 749-751

[July 21,1861.]

Hon. A. G. Curtin, Harrisburg:

Get your regiments at Harrisburg, Easton, and other points ready for immediate shipment. Lose no time preparing.

Make things move to the utmost.

THOMAS A. SCOTT.

To Operator:

Under no circumstances let this message be made public.

THOMAS A. SCOTT.


July 21,1861.

Governor Curtin, Harrisburg:

Forward all you can to-night. Transportation will be provided by Northern Central Company.

Press forward all available forces.

THOMAS A. SCOTT.


[July 21,1861.]

Governor Curtin:

Do not lose a moment in sending Wisconsin and your own regiments. Start them before daylight in the morning.

THOMAS A. SCOTT.


Harrisburg, July 21,1861.

T. A. S. [Col. T. A. Scott]:

One regiment left for Washington noon; one from Pittsburgh and one from West Chester have just arrived; one from Pittsburgh and two from Easton will arrive to-morrow; the others as rapidly as can be transported to and from this place.

The three-months’ regiments are arriving here without being announced or any preparation for them.

Du Barry seems hardly to know what to do.

Our men justly complain of their arms—those that came and those we send here. They complain the more, as a Wisconsin regiment refused to take the same kind of arms, and the colonel went to Washington, and was given the best modern arms.

Will you not use your influence to get better arms for these three-years’ men?

A. G. CURTIN, Governor.


July 21,1861.

General McDowell:

Do you want re-enforcements at Fairfax Court-House? There are three regiments at Fairfax Station on the railroad, within three miles of you; and we have another regiment loaded on cars at Springfield Station, which can reach you in three hours, if you say send them.

We also have a regiment at the railroad station in Alexandria, which can reach Fairfax Court-House in four hours.

Give instructions immediately.

THOMAS A. SCOTT.


July 21,1861.

Sam. D. Young:

If any troops or regiments are on the Cumberland Valley on their way to Hagerstown, tell Lull to stop them at first station, and return them to Baltimore without transshipment. This is the wish of Commander-in-Chief.

Keep this information quiet. Ascertain and report movements.

You will also aid with cars and other facilities, if necessary, at Harrisburg to forward troops to Washington.

THOMAS A. SCOTT.

Under no circumstances let this message be made public. T. A. S.

Thomas A. Scott at Wikipedia

Samuel D. Young was superintendent of the middle division of the Pennsylvania Railroad

Ormond N. Lull was superintendent of the Cumberland Valley Railroad





Scott Communicates with Col. Daniel Sickles, 70th New York Infantry, and Brig. Gen. Theodore Runyon on Disposition of Their Forces

9 11 2020

CORRESPONDENCE, ORDERS, AND RETURNS RELATING TO OPERATIONS IN MARYLAND, PENNSYLVANIA, VIRGINIA, AND WEST VIRGINIA FROM APRIL 16 TO JULY 31, 1861

CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. – UNION

O. R. – Series I – VOLUME 2 [S #2] CHAPTER IX, p. 749

Headquarters Army, Washington, July 21,1861.

Col. Sickles, Staten Island, N. Y.:

Send your regiments to this city instead of Harper’s Ferry, and hurry them.

WINFIELD SCOTT.


Alexandria, July 21,1861.

Lieutenant-General Scott:

General McDowell directs me to ask whether I shall send the troops out of the fortifications?

T. RUNYON.


Headquarters Army, July 21,1861.

General Runyon, Alexandria, Va.:

Send forward no more troops from Alexandria during the night.

WINFIELD SCOTT.


Headquarters Army, Washington, July 21, 1861.

General Runyon, Alexandria:

Let the two New Jersey regiments remain at Fairfax Station, as General McDowell must know they are there, and will call them up if he needs them.

The brig-of-war Perry will be towed down to Alexandria for any assistance she can render with her battery.

WINFIELD SCOTT.





Scott Orders McClellan to the Shenandoah Valley

9 11 2020

CORRESPONDENCE, ORDERS, AND RETURNS RELATING TO OPERATIONS IN MARYLAND, PENNSYLVANIA, VIRGINIA, AND WEST VIRGINIA FROM APRIL 16 TO JULY 31, 1861

CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. – UNION

O. R. – Series I – VOLUME 2 [S #2] CHAPTER IX, p. 749

Washington, July 21,1861—[8 p. m.].

Major-General McClellan, U. S. A.:

McDowell has been checked. Come down to the Shenandoah Valley with such troops as can be spared from Western Virginia, and make head against the enemy in that quarter. Banks and Dix will remain at Baltimore, which is liable to revolt.

WINFIELD SCOTT.





Scott Advises McDowell of Available Resources and Options

7 11 2020

CORRESPONDENCE, ORDERS, AND RETURNS RELATING TO OPERATIONS IN MARYLAND, PENNSYLVANIA, VIRGINIA, AND WEST VIRGINIA FROM APRIL 16 TO JULY 31, 1861

CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. – UNION

O. R. – Series I – VOLUME 2 [S #2] CHAPTER IX, pp. 747-748

Headquarters Army, July 21, 1861.

General McDowell, Fairfax Court-House;

Three regiments—Woodbury’s, McCunn’s, and another, name not known—are at Fairfax Station.

A commissary train is stopped a little way out of Alexandria with a drove of cattle. Call it up, if you mean to risk a stand; but under the circumstances it seems best to return to the line of the Potomac.

WINFIELD SCOTT.


Headquarters of the Army,
July 21,1861—9 p. m.

General McDowell, Centreville:

Besides three regiments sent you by General Runyon from the reserve, four regiments have crossed the river to-day. Two of the latter we know have reached Fairfax Station. The other two must be there in a few minutes. We suppose you to have rallied your army at Centreville, or, at the worst, you will rally at Fairfax Court-House and Fairfax Station. We know that you and your experienced officers will do all that is proper and possible. A company of regulars has also gone over. Additional re-enforcements shall follow early to-morrow. We are not discouraged.

WINFIELD SCOTT.





McDowell Reports “The Day is Lost”

6 11 2020

CORRESPONDENCE, ORDERS, AND RETURNS RELATING TO OPERATIONS IN MARYLAND, PENNSYLVANIA, VIRGINIA, AND WEST VIRGINIA FROM APRIL 16 TO JULY 31, 1861

CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. – UNION

O. R. – Series I – VOLUME 2 [S #2] CHAPTER IX, p. 747

July 21,1861.

General McDowell’s army in full retreat through Centreville.

The day is lost. Save Washington and the remnants of this army.

All available troops ought to be thrown forward in one body.

General McDowell is doing all he can to cover the retreat. Colonel Miles is forming for that purpose. He was in reserve at Centreville.

The routed troops will not reform.

B. S. ALEXANDER,
Captain, Corps Engineers.*

[*Capt. Barton Stone Alexander was assigned to the staff of Brig. Gen. Daniel Tyler]

Barton Stone Alexander at Wikipedia

Barton Stone Alexander at Fold3

Barton Stone Alexander at FindAGrave





McDowell Calls for Reinforcements

5 11 2020

CORRESPONDENCE, ORDERS, AND RETURNS RELATING TO OPERATIONS IN MARYLAND, PENNSYLVANIA, VIRGINIA, AND WEST VIRGINIA FROM APRIL 16 TO JULY 31, 1861

CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. – UNION

O. R. – Series I – VOLUME 2 [S #2] CHAPTER IX, pp. 746-747

Centreville, [July] 21,1861.

Colonel Townsend :

Captain Fry writes to me to say, u Telegraph to Washington: Send on immediately all the troops that can be spared.” Colonel Hunter has just arrived, badly wounded.

D. S. MILES,
Colonel.

Fairfax Court-House, July 21,1861—5.15 o’clock.

General Scott :

I am directed to send the accompanying dispatch to you or to deliver in person.

HANSCON.

Centreville, July 21—4 p. m. Adjutant-General Thomas:

General McDowell wishes all the troops that can he sent from Washington to come here without delay. He has ordered the reserve now here under Colonel Miles to advance to the bridge over Bull Run, on the Warrenton road, having driven the enemy before him. Colonel Miles is now about three or four miles from here, directing operations near Blackburn’s Ford, and in his absence I communicate.

G. H. MENDELL,
First Lieutenant, Topographical Engineers.





Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott Updates Maj. Gen. George B. McCellan on Developments in Virginia

4 11 2020

CORRESPONDENCE, ORDERS, AND RETURNS RELATING TO OPERATIONS IN MARYLAND, PENNSYLVANIA, VIRGINIA, AND WEST VIRGINIA FROM APRIL 16 TO JULY 31, 1861

CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. – UNION

O. R. – Series I – VOLUME 2 [S #2] CHAPTER IX, p. 746

July 21,1861.

Major-General McClellan, U. S. A., Beverly, Va.:

I sympathize with you on the subject of Cox. You will soon redeem blunders, and so will McDowell. Johnston has amused Patterson and re-enforced Beauregard. McDowell is this forenoon forcing the passage of Bull Run. In two hours he will turn the Manassas Junction and storm it to-day with superior force.

WINFIELD SCOTT.





Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott Informs McDowell of Confederate Reinforcements from Winchester, and of Forwarding of Four Regiments from Washington

4 11 2020

CORRESPONDENCE, ORDERS, AND RETURNS RELATING TO OPERATIONS IN MARYLAND, PENNSYLVANIA, VIRGINIA, AND WEST VIRGINIA FROM APRIL 16 TO JULY 31, 1861

CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. – UNION

O. R. – Series I – VOLUME 2 [S #2] CHAPTER IX, p. 746

Headquarters of the Army,
Washington, July 21,1861.

Brigadier-General McDowell, Commanding, &c.:

It is known that a strong re-enforcement left Winchester on the afternoon of the 18th, which you will also have to beat. Four new regiments will leave to-day to be at Fairfax Station to-night. Others shall follow to-morrow: twice the number, if necessary.

WINFIELD SCOTT.





Army Headquarters Notifies McDowell of Forwarding of Hunt’s Battery and Forty Recruits

4 11 2020

CORRESPONDENCE, ORDERS, AND RETURNS RELATING TO OPERATIONS IN MARYLAND, PENNSYLVANIA, VIRGINIA, AND WEST VIRGINIA FROM APRIL 16 TO JULY 31, 1861

CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. – UNION

O. R. – Series I – VOLUME 2 [S #2] CHAPTER IX, p. 746

Headquarters of the Army,
July 20, 1861—1.30 a. m.

Brigadier-General McDowell, &c., Centreville:

Your dispatch received at 1.5 a. m.* It is now 1.30 a. m.

Hunt’s battery left here at 5 a. m. yesterday by Fairfax road. We have but forty recruits; orders have been given to send them forward. It will be some time before they reach you, as there is no officer to spare to send with them.

By command of General Scott:

SCHUYLER HAMILTON,
Lieutenant-Colonel and Military Secretary.

*See p. 307. (Letter dated July 19, 1861, to “Colonel.”)