“C,” 4th Alabama Infantry, On the Battle and Casualties

10 01 2022

From the Montgomery Advertiser


Heroic conduct of the 4th Alabama Regiment.

Richmond, Aug. 3, 1861.

Ed. Advertiser: I know your readers will not regard me as obtrusive when, in the midst of many engagements, I give them, through your valuable paper, a hurried but accurate account of the part the gallant 4th Regiment of Alabama troops took in the great battle at Manassas, on the 21st ult.

This Regiment was ordered to march for Manassas on Thursday evening, the 18th July, from their camp at Winchester, and immediately set out upon a forced march, leaving their tents, and taking but a scanty supply of provisions. They marched all that night and all the next day, reaching, about dark, Piedmont, where they took the cars, arrived at Manassas Junction about 9 o’clock A. M., of Saturday, the 20th, and immediately set out for Camp Walker, which they reached about 10 o’clock of that day. You may well suppose the exhaustion of the men from hunger, exposure, and fatigue. Refreshed, however, by rest for the night and some food, and the enemy having opened fire upon our lines on the next morning (Sunday,) they were ordered, immediately upon eating their breakfast, to take up their line of march in the direction of where the firing first opened. They were marched very hurriedly some three or four miles in that direction, but it was ascertained that this firing was a feint on the part of the enemy to withdraw our troops from the point where they really intended to attack us, and they were suddenly marched in double quick time some two miles to the left of the line of battle, where they arrived greatly exhausted, the day being excessively hot, and they with but little water. Halting in a skirt of woods some three hundred yards of the enemy’s line of battle, the regiment was formed, and proceeded in double quick time to within one hundred yards of the enemy’s line, where they were commanded to lie down and load and rise and fire, Sherman’s celebrated battery playing upon them the while, and unprotectd save by occasional well directed shots from the gallant Imboden, who was comparatively without ammunition, his horses attached to the caisson having taken flight and run off.

In this exposed position, for one hour and a half, did this noble regiment struggle in the very jaws of death against the servile hosts of the enemy, and other regiments having been withdrawn to more eligible from the right and left, this regiment, alone and unaided, except by the occasional shot from Imboden’s battery, held their position, three times repulsing the advancing columns of the enemy, and holding him in check until reinforcements could come up.

Outflanked, and exposed to the most deadly fire of the enemy from three sides, orders were given for it to fall back, which was done in good order. It was in this movement, when the gallant Colonel of the regiment, Egbert Jones, who, though exposed to the galling fire of the enemy, had been sitting upon his horse giving command to the regiment with a composure which showed him to be insensible to fear, was severely wounded.

The regiment, confidently expecting reinforcements in their rear, upon which they were falling back, having gone through a skirt of woods and descended a hill, where they again formed line, and having discovered two regiments on their right as they descended the hill, drawn up in close column in line of battle, they were about to form behind these regiments, which returned the signal of our troops, thus alleging they were our friends. But as soon as our flag was unfurled, they turned loose a most murderous fire upon our regiment, cutting out brave boys down in considerable numbers, and wounding a great many, among them Lieut. Col. Law and Major Scott, whose gallant bearing a noble example inspired their troops with indomitable courage. Thus, nearly surrounded by the enemy, without any field officers to command them, exhausted by their unparalleled struggles with the enemy and forced marches, burning with intolerable thirst, and badly cut to pieces, they retired under cover of a skirt of woods to an open field, some half mile in the rear of their first position, where they halted and awaited orders.

It was here the gallant and lamented Brig. Gen. Bee rode up, and in the midst of the roar of musketry and the bursting of shells, asked, “What body of troops is this?” The answer, “What remains of the 4th Alabama,” was given him. He then said, with great emphasis, “This is all of my brigade I can find – will you follow me back to where the firing is going on?” “Aye, sir, to the death,” was the response, and they did follow him, and “to the death,” for, in proceeding in the direction of Sherman’s battery for the purpose of charging it at the point of the bayonet, this brave General and accomplished soldier fell mortally wounded. Deprived of its Brigadier General, its Colonel, its Lieutenant Colonel, and Major, and exhausted and badly cut to pieces, the regiment fell back and reformed, and awaited orders. The regiment remained on the battle field during the whole of the fight, preserving all the while it’s perfect organization.

Now, when we remember that they were contending against the trained regulars if the United States, supported by powerful batteries, is not the gallantry and persistent bravery of our troops beyond praise? The wonder is that one of them escaped, yet God interposed in their behalf. The prayers of pious fathers, others, sisters, wives and friends had gone up to Jehovah for their protection, and had constituted an impenetrable shield – had moved the arm that was stretched out for their deliverance. “It is God who hath given us the victory; blessed be His holy name forever and ever.”

I send you below a list of the killed and wounded.


A list of the Killed, Wounded and Missing of the Fourth Alabama Regiment of Volunteers, commanded by Col. Egbert J. Jones, in the battle of Manassas, July 21, 1861.

Company A.

Killed – S. M. Connor, 2d Corp; Leroy Edwards, J. N. Gilmer, F. P. Haralson, Edwin McCartney, Amos Logan, Henry Vogelin.

Company B.

F. M. Lutrell.

Company C.

J. H. Stone, R. B. Bohanon, W. A. Lowry, E. G. Ussery.

Company D.

David W. Pitts, 3d Lieut; W. H. Hill, Robt. M. Mitchell.

Company E.

L. C. Gatch, 1st Serg’t; S. H. Wimberly, J. D. Robbins.

Company F.

J. C. Turner, 1st Lieut.

Company H.

John Simpson, Jr., 1st Lieut; R. T. Burroughs, 2d Sergt; Thomas Stone, 3d Corp; L. Lorance, Pulaski Cadicott, Z. P. Ives, W. F. N. Smith, Sr., F. G. Bowdam, Jesse Hills, W. S. Andrew.

Company I.

W. T. Landman, 4th Sergt; J. F. Kayes, Geo. Anderson, W. H. Arnold, J. J. Buffington, Jas. A. Preston.

Company K.

L. F. Lindsey, Captain.

Total Killed – 36.

Company A.

Wounded – W. D. Huggins, 2d Sergt, Alec W. Crail, 3d Sergt, W. J. Apperson, Randall Berry, Chris Bowers, Jas. K. Blevins, Jas. C. Brancis, J. P. Hutchinson, Oscar F. Harral, John Robbins, B. A. Sentemeger, Jas. Shannon, Sam G. Todd, Allen Vaughan, P. J. Weaver, jr., Elisha Johnson.

Company B.

T. B. Dryer, Captain, L. H. Chapman, 2d Lieut, W. H. Wyme, J. S. Leonard, L. Lewis, H. H. Green, Jas. Taylor, T. J. Sinclair, D Guerry, Jno. Gillespie, Jere Lynch, Jasper Newsom, Lemuel Tennison, Jos. Sterling.

Company C.

A. C. Price, 2nd Sergt, L. A. Daniel, 3rd Sergt, Boykin Goldsby, 4th Sergt, A. E. Kennedy, E. A. Taylor, W. H. Harrison, sr., J. R. Daniel, W. R. King, P. W. Peoples, F. M. Cunningham, J. M. Jordan, W. H. Boyd, Geo. Mimms, J. R. Caughery, R. Q. Prior, Geo. Cleveland, T. R. Harville, B. J. Tarver.

Company D.

W. H. Long, 1st Corp., E. F. Christian, Thos. B. Edwards, J. D. Fowler, E. F. Gouldman, W. W. Gray, J. A. Harwood, R. H. Henly, Jos. P. Jones, B. lockett, L. B. Lane, J. H. Montgomery, Joseph Muse, W. P. Pope, R. N. Smith, Geo. Sayre, Anderson Walker, A. M. Walker,

Company E.

J. G. Guice, 2d Lieut., J. B. Bennett, 3d Sergt., W. T. Thomas, 1st Corp., J. T. Andrews, Blake Bearde, Chas. Floyd, J. H. Mason, A. D. McInnis, J. E. Melver, A. J. Mosely, J. C. Peacock.

Company E.

J. M. Strickland, J. A. Thomas, T. W. Tuck, O. W. Perry

Company F.

W. H. Taylor, 2d Lieut., Jas. M. Drake, W. T. Hamer, T. Benham, J. B. Stone, R. W. Hilburn, F. Trainer, G. Wilkinson.

Company G.

W. A. Lockett, 2d Sergt., M. M. Cooke, 4th Sergt., F. G. Butler, 2d Corp., Ira G. Tarrant, 4th Corp., Jas. R. Crowe, A. B. Downs, W. H. Fiquett, W. D. Johnson, S. W. Pleasants, S. W. McKerrall, George W. Stephens, S. Cosby John, Jno. Couch, O. H. Spencer.

Company H.

Pettus, 1st Sergt., A. W. McDonald, 2nd Corp., Wm. Moss, Jas. Jackson, Charles Weems, Horn Mason, Geo. Weaver, T. Kirkman, M. F. Briggs, Solomon Rice, Geo. Whitlen, Wm. Scott, Lee. B. Wurts, Henry Richardson, John Posey, Alec McAlexander, R. Foster, James Kendrick, R. P. Andrew, Chas. D. Stewart, Christopher Ronde, Isaac Lowry.

Company I.

I. A. Lanier, 1st Lieut., P. Lee Hammond, 2nd Sergt., J. E. H. Bailey, F. Bradford, J. Hawkins, C. M. Humphrey, W. M. Lowe, F. B. Spence, J. R. Eldridge, P. B. Fletcher, Henry Roper, William Acklen, Peyton King, Leslie Moore, J. B. Forrester.

Company K.

Milton P. Brown, Corp., Parker Cunningham, Thos. A. Williams, Thomas M. Oulver, T. Vingun, Jas. H. Williamson, Wm. Harris.

Total wounded – 147.

Company D.

Missing – Thos. Hudson.

Company F.

Drake, Sively.

Total missing – 3.

Field Officers

Wounded – Egbert Jones, Col., E. Melver Law, Lieutenant Colonel, Charles L. Scott, Major.


Killed – One Captain, two 1st Lieutenants, on 3rd Lieutenant, three Sergeants, two Corporals, twenty-seven privates. Total killed, 36.

Wounded – One Colonel, one Lieut. Colonel, one Major, 1 Captain, one 1st Lieutenant, three 2nd Lieutenants, ten Sergeants, five Corporals, 127 Privates. Total wounded, 150.

Missing – Three privates. Aggregate, 189.

The (Huntsville, AL) Democrat, 8/21/1861

Clipping Image

Unknown Confederate, On Searching for the Dead and Wounded

28 02 2012

A Search for the Dead by Moonlight.

A correspondent of the Columbia (Ga.) Sun, whose letter has been unaccountably detained, sends an interesting account to the paper of the great battles of Manassas Plains. We extract a portion, which we think will prove interesting even at this late day:

Having procured Dr. Miller’s ambulance, a party of us started to look for the body of Col. Bartow. It was a melancholy search, and extended far into the night. – The moon was shining however, and afforded sufficient light for our purpose. But who can describe the awful sight its pale beams disclosed to us during the night’s ramble among the hills! The mangled forms, the ghastly wounds, and gleaming faces of the dead; the beseeching cries of the wounded, the torments and contortions of the dying – who can depict them! The first man I encountered was a youth of twenty summers who had been killed by a Minnie ball, which entered the temple just in front of the ear, and passed out on the other side. It was a monster ball, and made a hole through which we could almost see. We next came upon a great heap of the enemy’s dead, among them some wounded who were still alive. It was here that the gallant Fourth Alabama Regiment had covered themselves with glory. An appeal was made to me by a wounded man from New York for water. – An Alabamian, also wounded, interposed and begged that we would give the New Yorker water; for he added, “when I was shot down a member of a New York Regiment went to the hollow below, and filled my canteen with water, and brought it to me.” Of course we did what we could to render the poor fellow as comfortable as possible.

But on we move among the dead, turning over first one man and then another, to see whether he be not the one for whom we are searching. As this one is turned over, we discover that the lower part of his face has been carried away that one a leg, and the one further on has lost his entire head. At one place we find a leg and nothing else; at another the scattered fragments of a body. By this branch we find a poor fellow who, having crawled to the water’s edge, drank his fill and died – We could see by the bloody track that another had vainly tried to reach the water, but died before he got to it. Near the stream stood a horse, one of whose forelegs had been carried away by a cannonball. He groaned most piteously.

Meanwhile we learn that Col. Bartow’s body has been found and carried in by another party. So, we’ll fill our ambulance with the sounded and send them into the hospital. By 10 o’clock all our wounded had been cared for, and we turn our footsteps back to the hospital. Three of us who started on foot, finally got lost. Again we traverse the battle field, and again are our ears saluted by the cries and groans of the wounded and dying. At length, my companions having encountered friends who were uncertain whether they would return to the hospital that night, I struck out alone [….] distant) and along which the battle had raged furiously during the latter part of the day. I soon came upon heaps of the enemy, where the dead and wounded, torn and mangled horses lay one upon another. A wounded Irishman from Minnesota saw me by the moonlight, and begged “for the body of the holy St. Patrick,” that I would give him “so much as a mouthful of water.” It was a great trail. I had been out since early morning without anything to eat but one cracker, and it was four or five hundred yards back to the branch, but I remembered what the wounded Alabamian had said, and went and got it for him. Nay, I should have gone any way. Having taken off the coat of a dead soldier and folded it and made a pillow for him and placed the canteen of water within his reach, I bade the poor fellow to be of good cheer, and left him among his dead companions. You may be sure he never ceased to ask the blessing of the holy Virgin upon me as long as I could hear him.

Further on I encountered a small party, one of whom was an old man whose white locks gleamed in the moonlight, and another was a young woman who leant upon his arm. What could they be looking for at this late hour and in this dread place. Was it for a son who had fallen in battle, or for the husband of this you wife? – As I reached the top of the hill and turned back to take a last look of the field, I heard a woman’s scream far down the road, which told too plainly for whom they were searching. She had found him, but whether dead or wounded, I could not tell. God have mercy upon this young wife, and upon the stricken hearts throughout our land, whose loved ones now sleep the sleep of death.

(Charlotte) North Carolina Whig,  9/3/1861

Clipping Image contributed by John Hennessy