Unit History – 1st Arkansas Infantry

26 05 2022

Formed during the early spring of 1861, contained men from Union, Clark, Ouachita, Jefferson, Saline, Pulaski, Jackson, Arkansas, and Drew counties. Ordered to Virginia, the unit entered Confederate service at Lynchburg. It fought at First Manassas, moved to Tennessee, participated in the conflict at Shiloh, then took and active role in the Kentucky Campaign. Later it was assigned to General L. E. Polk’s and Govan’s Brigade and was prominent in many battles of the Army of Tennessee from Murfreesboro to Bentonville. The regiment reported 13 killed and 90 wounded at Murfreesboro, lost forty-five percent of the 430 engaged at Chickamauga, and totalled 302 men and 217 arms in December, 1863. During July, 1864, this unit was united with the 15th (Cleburne’s-Polk’s-Josey’s) Regiment and in the Battle of Atlanta lost 15 killed, 67 wounded, and 3 missing. Very few surrendered on April 16, 1865. The field officers were Colonels John W. Colquitt, and James F. Fagan; Lieutenant Colonels William A. Crawford, W. H. Martin, Donelson McGregor, James C. Monroe, and John B. Thompson; and Major Stinson Little.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, p. 42