Unit History – Loudoun Artillery

21 05 2022

Was organized in 1859 as part of the Virginia militia and entered Confederate service in July, 1861. After fighting in the Battle of First Manassas it served with the Army of Northern Virginia from Seven Pines to Sharpsburg. During October, 1862, the unit disbanded and its members transferred to the Fauquier Light Artillery. It was commanded by Captain Arthur L. Rogers.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, p. 404

Unit History – 49th Virginia Infantry (Battalion)

21 05 2022

Completed its organization in July, 1861. Its members were from the counties of Prince William, Warren, Fauquier, Rappahannock, Amherst, and Shenandoah. Three companies fought at First Manassas and these companies formed the nucleus of the regiment. It was assigned to General Featherston’s, Early’s, W. Smith’s, Pegram’s, and J. A. Walker’s Brigade, Army of Northen Virginia. The unit participated in many battles from Williamsburg to Cold Harbor, was active in Early’s Shenandoah Valley operations, and took part in the final campaign at Appomattox. It reported 40 casualties at First Manassas and in April, 1862, contained 539 effectives. The regiment lost fifty-three percent of the 424 at Seven Pines, had 2 killed and 36 2ounded during the Seven Days’ Battles, and suffered 5 killed and 73 wounded in the Maryland Campaign. At Fredericksburg 6 were killed and 46 wounded, at Gettysburg thirty-five percent of the 281 were disabled, and at The Wilderness and Spotsylvania 87 were lost. On April 9, 1865, it surrendered with 9 officers and 46 men. The field officers were Colonels John C. Gibson and William Smith, Lieutenant Colonels Charles B. Christian and Edward Murray, and Major Caleb Smith.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, pp. 386-387