Unit History – 18th Virginia Infantry

19 05 2022

Completed its organization in May, 1861. Its members were recruited at Danville and Farmville, and in the counties of Nottoway, Cumberland, Prince Edward, Appomattox, Pittsylvania, and Charlotte. The unit fought at First Manassas under General Cocke, then was assigned to General Pickett’s, Garnett’s, and Hunton’s Brigade. It participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from Williamsburg to Gettysburg except when it was detached to Suffolk with Longstreet. Later it served in North Carolina, returned to Virginia, and took an active part in the battles at Drewry’s Bluff and Cold Harbor. The 18th endured the hardships of the Petersburg trenches north of the James River and saw action around Appomattox. It lost 6 killed and 12 wounded at First Manassas and in April, 1862, had 700 men fit for duty. The unit reported 206 casualties during the Seven Days’ Battles, and of the 120 engaged in the Maryland Campaign, thirty-six percent were disabled. In the fight at Gettysburg more than seventy-five percent of the 312 in action were killed, wounded, or missing. Many were captured at Sayler’s Creek and only 2 officers and 32 men surrendered. The field officers were Colonels Henry A. Carrington and Robert E. Withers, Lieutenant Colonel George C. Cabell, and Major Edwin G. Wall.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, pp. 368-369


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