Unit History – 5th North Carolina Infantry

12 05 2022

Was organized at Halifax, North Carolina, in July, 1861. Its companies were recruited in the counties of Cumberland, Gates, Johnston, Graven, Rowan, Bertie, Wilson, and Caswell. Ordered to Virginia, the regiment reached Manassas on July 19 and fought in the battle under General Longstreet. IN April, 1862, it had 460 effectives and during the war was brigaded under Generals Early, Garland, Iverson, and R. D. Johnston. It participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from Williamsburg to Cold Harbor, then was involved in Early’s operations in the Shenandoah Valley and the Appomattox Campaign. It had 180 men in action at Seven Pines, lost 10 killed, 22 wounded, and 4 missing during the Seven Days’ Battles, and had 4 killed and 37 wounded at Chancellorsville. The unit took 473 men to Gettysburg, losing more then half, and reported 16 disabled at Bristoe and 3 at Mine Run. It surrendered with 7 officers and 76 men of which 48 were armed. The field officers were Colonels Thomas M. Garrett and Duncan K. McRae; and Lieutenant Colonels John C. Badham, William J. Hill, Joseph P. Jones. John W. Lea, and Peter J. Sinclair.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, pp. 215-216

Unit History – 18th Mississippi Infantry

12 05 2022

Organized June, 1861, at Corinth, Mississippi, recruited its members in Yazoo, Coahoma, Madison, Soto, and Hinds counties. Ordered to Virginia, the unit fought at First Manassas under D. R. Jones, then was engaged at Leesburg. In April, 1862, it contained 684 effectives and served in General Griffith’s, Barksdale, and Humphrey’s Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. The 18th participated in many campaigns from the Seven Days’ Battles to Cold Harbor including the operations at Chickamauga and Knoxville. It went on to fight with Early in the Shenandoah Valley and later around Appomattox. The unit reported 38 casualties at First Manassas, 85 at Leesburg, and 132 at Malvern Hill. Of the 186 engaged at Sharpsburg, forty-three percent were disabled. It had 18 wounded at Fredericksburg, 25 killed and 43 wounded at Chancellorsville, and 18 killed and 82 wounded of the 242 at Gettysburg. Many were captured at Sayler’s Creek, and only 4 officers and 44 men surrendered. The field officers were Colonels E. R. Burt and Thomas M. Griffin; Lieutenant Colonel Walter G. Kearney and William H. Luse; and Majors John H. Balfour, James C. Campbell, G. B. Gerald, and E. G. Henry.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, pp. 177-178