Unit History – Hampton’s Legion

1 04 2022

Was organized by Wade Hampton during the spring of 1861. It contained a cavalry and infantry battalion, but they did not serve together. The cavalry battalion fought in the Seven Days’ Battles and in the summer of 1862 merged into the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry Regiment. The infantry battalion was active at First Manassas and later was assigned to W. Hampton’s, Hood’s, and Jenkins’s Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. It was involved in various conflicts from Seven Pines to Sharpsburg, moved to North Carolina, then served with Longstreet at Chickamauga and Knoxville. In May, 1864, the unit was reorganized, mounted, and united with the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry Regiment. It lost thirty-seven percent of the 350 at Seven Pines and in April, 1862, contained 658 officers and men. It sustained 20 casualties at Gaines’ Mill, 74 at Second Manassas, 53 in the Maryland Campaign, and 85 at Wauhatchie. The field officers were Colonels Martin W. Gary, Wade Hampton, and Thomas M. Logan; Lieutenant-Colonels Robert B. Arnold, James B. Griffin, and Benjamin L. Johnson; and Majors Matthew C. Butler, James Conner, J. Hervey Dingle, Jr., Stephen D. Lee, and Benjamin F. Nicholson.

From Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army, pp. 268-269

Unknown (4), Co. A, Hampton’s Legion, On Preparations to Move to Manassas

1 04 2022

The following letter is from a youth of nineteen years, a member of the Washington Light Infantry Volunteers:

Richmond, July 18, 1861.

My Dear Mother and Father: – Gen. Scott has attacked our forces at Manassas, and our Legion will march for Manassas on Saturday morning. We received orders to that effect to-day. I am willing to die. I have a presentiment that I will never see you all again; and if I should fall in battle you must not weep for me, but think of the cause in which I fell, and know that young as I am I did not dies as a boy, but like a man. And you may be sure that I will not be wanting when our company is called upon to fire, and when you think of this you cannot weep, but feel proud of him who has left every thing that was near and dear to him, to fight for the rights and independence of our noble and gallant South. There is no lack of courage in our noble land. I don’t think there is a man in our Legion who would not promptly reply to the bugle sound for the charge on our insolent foes.

Charleston (SC) Daily Courier, 7/23/1861

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