Unit History – Battery M, 2nd U. S. Artillery

16 03 2022

In Texas January, 1861. Moved to New York April, 1861; thence to Fort Pickens, Fla. Ordered to Washington, D. C, June, 1861. Attached to Richardson’s Brigade, Tyler’s Division, McDowell’s Army, Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Franklin’s Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Franklin’s Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery Re-serve, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, Horse Artillery, Artillery Reserve, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1862. Artillery, Pleasanton’s Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. Reserve Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, Horse Artillery, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1864. Horse Artillery, Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to December, 1864. Reserve Horse Artillery, Army of the Shenandoah, to April, 1865. Horse Artillery Brigade, 22nd Army Corps, to August, 1865.

SERVICE. — Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21, 1861. Occupation of Fairfax Court House July 17. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C, till March, 1862. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Near Williamsburg May 4. Hanover Court House May 27. Operations about Hanover Court House May 27-29. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison’s Landing till August 16. Action at Malvern Hill August 5. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria August 16-23. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Poolesville, Md., September 7. Barnesville September 9. Monocacy Church September 9. Sugar Loaf Mountain September 10-11. Frederick September 12. Catoctin Mountain September 13. Antietam September 16-17. Shepherdstown Ford September 19. Shepherdstown and Martinsburg October 1. Pursuit of Stuart into Pennsylvania October 9-12. Mouth of Monocacy and White’s Ford October 12. Philomont November 1. Union, Bloomfield and Upperville November 2-3. Barbee’s Cross Roads November 5. Waterloo Bridge November 7. Corbin’s Cross Roads, near Amissville, November 10. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27- May 6. Stevensburg May 9. Brandy Station or Fleetwood and Beverly Ford June 9. Upperville June 21. Hanover, Pa., June 30. Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Hunterstown July 2. Smithburg July 5. Williamsport and Hagerstown July 6. Boonsboro July 8. Hagerstown July 12-13. Williamsport and Falling Waters July 14. Advance to the Rapidan September 13-17. Reconnoissance across the Rapidan September 21-23. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. James City October 10. Bethesda Church and near Culpeper October 10. Morton’s Ford October 11. Near Warrenton, White Sulphur Springs, November 11. Brandy Station October 11. Groveton October 17-18. Gainesville, Buckland’s Mills and Catlett’s Station October 19. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Morton’s Ford November 26. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12, 1864. Todd’s Tavern May 5-6. Wilderness May 6-7. Alsop’s Farm May 8. Sheridan’s Raid to the James River May 9-24. Beaver Dam Station May 9-10. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Brook Church or Richmond fortifications May 12. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Demonstration on Little River May 27. Hanovertown May 27. Haw’s Shop May 28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-7. Sheridan’s Trevillian Raid June 7-24. Trevillian Station June 11-12. Mallory’s Cross Roads June 12. Black Creek or Tunstall Station and White House or St Peter’s Church June 21. Siege of Petersburg June 29- August 5. Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Winchester August 17. Near Kearneysville August 25. Abraham’s Creek, near Winchester, September 18. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Near Cedarville September 20. Front Royal September 21. Milford September 22. Waynesboro September 29. Tom’s Brook October 8-9. Expedition to Lacey’s Springs December 19-22. Sheridan’s Expedition from Winchester February 27-March 25, 1865. Occupation of Staunton and action at Waynesboro March 2. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 12. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Moved to Washington, D. C, and duty there till August. Moved to Fort McHenry, Baltimore, Md.

2nd Regiment of Artillery lost during service 5 Officers and 50 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 118 Enlisted men by disease. Total 174.

From Frederick Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, p. 1700



4 responses

16 03 2022
jim morgan


Check out my short unit history titled “Always Ready, Always Willing: A History of Battery M, Second United States Artillery from its Organization Through the Civil War.” Olde Soldier Books, Inc., 1989.

This is a 56-page booklet which I wrote initially for the members of the Battery M reenactment unit of which I was a member for three years in the 80’s.

It includes photographs, rosters of officers and men, and a postscript which traces the unit’s successors through 1989 when it was the Fifth Battalion, Second Air Defense Artillery Regiment.

Not sure where you can find it but it’s a handy reference.

Jim Morgan

Liked by 1 person

17 03 2022
Harry Smeltzer

Thanks Jim!


24 06 2022
Max Nehrbass

Jim Morgan, I would love to see a copy of your book. I found it on Amazon but there were no copies available for sale.


29 06 2022
Harry Smeltzer

I saw a few copies at the Manassas National Battlefield Park bookstore.


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