The basic building block of Civil War armies was the company. Typically raised in the same, small community, they were often formed from existing militia units. Especially early on, the companies were better known by their militia or nicknames than their regiment number and company letter. For the most part, that is how the author of the Richmond Daily Dispatch article posted here referred to the companies. So, with help from Robert of Cenantua’s Blog, First Bull Run.com, and Vol. I of William Frayne Amann’s Personnel of the Civil War, I’ll try to make a little sense out of the article here.
Captain H. Grey Latham’s Lynchburg Artillery consisted of two sections of two model 1841 six pound guns. Two guns of one section were commanded by Lieutenants Davidson and Leftwich.
Seventh Virginia Regiment
Captain J. H. French’s company of the 7th Virginia was D, the Giles Volunteers (see here).
The Botetourt troops
The Botetourt troops on the field included Co. F of the 28th VA Infantry (Botetourt Springs Rifles, Capt. F. G. Rocke, see here), possibly Co. I of the 28th VA (Capt. J. W. Anderson’s Mountain Rifles, later the Botetourt Artillery, see here), and Company C of the 30th (2nd) VA Cavalry (Botetourt Dragoons, Captain A. L. Pitzer – Lieut. C. Breckenridge commanding, see here).
Capt. Rippetoe’s Company
Robert informed me that Capt. W. D. Rippetoe’s Page Grays was Co. H of the 33rd VA Infantry. This company may have been credited with temporarily capturing guns of Griffin’s West Point Battery. Rippetoe was a Methodist minister for whom Bull Run was his last battle. Apparetnly his behavior after the battle was less than admirable.
“Victory or Death”
The West Augusta Guards was Capt. J. H. Waters’ Company L of the 5th VA Infantry (see here). They were briefly the West Augusta Artillery for a period.
Another gallant soldier gone
Capt. T. L. Yancey’s Rockingham Cavalry was Co. K of the 1st VA Cavalry. Later they became Co. C of the 6th VA Cav (see here).
The Rockingham boys
The Rockingham Regiment was the 10th VA Infantry (thanks Robert – see here).
Deceived the enemy
The Valley Guards was Capt. C. A. Sprinkel’s Co. G of the 10th Virginia Infantry (see here).
Record of Brave Men
Col. J. W. Allen’s regiment was the 2nd VA Infantry (see here).
Capt. W. L. Clarke commanded the Winchester Riflemen, Co. F.
Capt. J. Q. A. Nadenbusch commanded the Berkeley Border Guards, Co. D.
The Rockingham Regiment
All of these were in the 10th VA Infantry (see here).
Southern Greys – Co. C, Capt. J. N. Swann.
Valley Guards – Co. G, Capt. C. A. Sprinkel.
Page Volunteers – Co. K, Capt. W. T. Young.
Bridgewater Grays – Co. D, Capt. J. B. Brown
Chrisman’s Infantry – Co. H, Capt. G. Chrisman
Second Regiment Virginia Volunteers
Co. A – Jefferson Guards.
Co. B – Hamtramck Guards.
Co. C – Nelson Guards.
Co. D – Berkeley Border Guards.
Co. E – Hedgesville Blues.
Co. F – Winchester Riflemen.
Co. G – Botts Greys.
Co. H – Letcher Riflemen.
Co. I – Clarke Riflemen.
Co. K -Floyd Guards.
The Wythe Grays
This was Capt. J. T. Kent’s Co. A of the 4th VA Infantry (see here).