The New York Times, August 11, 1861 (see here)
The Two Shermans.
From the Cincinnati Commercial.
Not a little error and confusion has been created by writers in the newspapers, especially since the recent battle before Manassas Junction, by confounding the names of two meritorious officers in the Army. There are two Col. Shermans in the Army: Col. William T. Sherman, of Ohio, and Col. Thomas W. Sherman, of Rhode Island. The former is the only one of the two who was engaged in the battle at Bull Run. He is a brother of John Sherman, Senator from Ohio. He is not the Capt. Sherman who first organized the famous Sherman’s Battery.
There are some points of remarkable similarity in the case of the two Shermans, which have easily led those ignorant of their history and position into confounding them together. Their initials are similar – one being W. T. and the other T. W. Sherman; they both graduated in the same class at West Point; both entered the same regiment – the Third Artillery; both served in the Mexican War; and both have been recently appointed Brigadier Generals.
It is T. W. Sherman, of Rhode Island, who commanded and gave his name to “Sherman’s Battery,” which he organized in Mexico, where he served under Taylor and Scott, and which was doing duty on the frontier (Minnesota) when the difficulties with the seceded States broke out.
W. T. Sherman, of Ohio, was found at the beginning of these troubles at the head of a State Military Academy in Louisiana, and upon the secession of that State he resigned, refusing to serve in a State disloyal to the Government. When the new regiments of the regular Army were formed, Sherman, of Ohio, was appointed Colonel of the Thirteenth Infantry, and Sherman, of Rhode Island, was made Lieutenant-Colonel of the Fifth Artillery, and shortly after, by promotion of Col. Hunter, became Colonel of that regiment.
Sherman’s Battery, although it still retains the name, is now really Ayres’ Battery. It was Col. Sherman, of Ohio, who commanded the Brigade in the battle fo Bull Run composed of the following regiments:
Seventy-ninth New-York (Highlanders,) Col. Cameron.
Sixty-ninth New-York, (Irish,) Col. Corcoran.
He also had accompanying his Brigade, and under his orders, the Battery of Capt. Ayres, (Shermans Battery,) which was not captured by the enemy, as claimed by all the rebel newspapers, but after a desperate contest every gun was brought off in safety, and was replanted on Capitol Hill, from whence it has since been removed across the Potomac.
Col. Sherman, of Rhode Island, was not in the battle, but was on duty elsewhere. Both of the Shermans are regarded in the Army as among its best officers. Both are now Generals, and there is little doubt that they will distinguish themselves in the service, and very probably their actions will be confounded in future as in the past, and each receive the credit due the other. At this, the two Shermans will not complain, for they are great friends, although not related to each other.
(See explanatory comments here).