E. B. C. Cash’s Report

24 02 2008

  8th-sc-flag.jpgLots of hyperlinks in the following – be sure to click on them to get the full effect!

alfred-ely.jpgA reference is made in the report of Col. E. B. C. Cash of the 8th SC of the capture of Congressman Alfred Ely of NY (left).  A pretty tame account, though the story that is handed down and can be found in Ely’s diary is more colorful.  According to the gentleman from Rochester, when taken before Cash the colonel leveled his pistol at Ely’s head and swore, G—d d—n your white livered soul.  I’ll blow your brains out on the spot!  Cash was prevented by subordinates from carrying out his threat.  Based on his post-war history, I have little doubt that Cash was in earnest. 

Ellerbe Boggan Crawford Cash, though born in 1823 in North Carolina, was raised in his mother’s native South Carolina, and eventually passed the bar before taking over her family’s plantation in the Chesterfield District, near Cheraw.  He served in the general assembly and rose to Major General in the militia.  At the outset of the war, he was elected colonel of the 8th SC.

When the regiment reorganized in the spring of 1862, Cash was either not reelected or resigned because he was not promoted.  Cash remained in reserve or with the state militia in South Carolina for the remainder of the war.  He was an outspoken opponent of Reconstruction, and ran against Wade Hampton for governor because he felt Hampton was too soft to represent the white population of the state.

Perhaps Cash is best known for his participation in what is recognized as the last duel fought in South Carolina.  On July 5, 1880, Cash shot and killed Col. William M. Shannon of Camden in a formal duel resulting from a legal action against Mrs. Cash in which Shannon was lead counsel.  (UPDATE: Shannon had raised the Kirkwood Rangers, which became one of the five companies of the 7th SC Cavalry.  This regiment was home to Alexander C. Haskell and Dr. E. M. Boykin – hence, Shannon and his brothers are referred to often in Mary Chesnut’s diary.)  Cash was tried for murder and dueling and, after one mistrial, was acquitted.  Legislation was enacted thereafter outlawing dueling in South Carolina (though I’m a little confused at this, because Cash was tried for dueling, which kind of leads me to believe it was already illegal; one aspect of the new legislation was that it rendered ineligible for public office anyone who had participated in a duel).

The image of the battle flag of the 8th SC above is from this site, which has a biography of Cash.  This site is an account of the duel. Herehere, here, here, and here are New York Times articles on the trial, though there are more – beware, the NYT archive is a huge time-sucker!  UPDATE: Here is a link to a 1932 Time Magazine article on the duel. 

The Colonel’s son, VMI alum W. Bogan Cash, was also not unfamiliar with violence.  He was accused of killing at least two men, and before he could be brought to justice was himself killed while resisting a sheriff’s posse in 1884.  You can read about him here and here, and here is his VMI bio – surprisingly, he served as Governor Hampton’s chief-of-staff.  His father was also indicted as an accessory to his son’s crimes, but was I think not prosecuted.

Cash died at his home in Chesterfield in 1888, and was buried next to his desperado son.  Here is his obituary.

I couldn’t find any photos of Shannon or either of the Cashes on the web, but if you go here you’ll find a pdf document and can scroll to their images.  (That link is broken, but I think it was a draft of Carnival of Blood, which you can find along with the photos on page 20 here.)  Unfortunately the document is incomplete.  UPDATE: Ok, I used my noggin and figured out how to get the images of E. B. C. Cash, Shannon, and W. B. Cash as a VMI cadet – these are from the link in this paragraph:

ebccash.jpg shannon.jpg wbcash.jpg

Coming on the heels of my finishing The Bloody Shirt, perhaps all this is not as surprising to learn as it otherwise might have been.  I’ll have a review of that book up within the next few days.

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32 responses

26 02 2008
Erica C.

It is interesting that I have come across your site. I’m from Cheraw, South Carolina. I lived in the Cash community. When growing up, I’ve always heard people talk of Col. Cash but never really did any investigating. I remember as kids we would take walks to where his grave is still intact. Thank you for giving me more detailed information on Col. Cash.

Liked by 1 person

11 01 2011
Jan R.

Hi Harry,
What has become of the Cash Plantation?

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14 01 2011
Harry Smeltzer

Jan, I don’t know.

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10 06 2012
Debbie Roland

His has has been torn down.
2 of the pictures you have posted came from me many years ago. I loaned them to someone who was writing a book. EBC Cash is far left and yes the William Bogan is far right it is his VMI picture. The Crawford part of his name came from his grandmother. Elizabeth Crawford Ellerbe wife of William Ellerbe. EBC Cash mother was the Daughter of the above. She married Boogan Cash. EBC Cash’s home was at Cashes Depot S.C.

Liked by 1 person

10 06 2012
Debbie Roland

Sorry his house has been torn down,

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11 06 2012
Harry Smeltzer

Thanks for the info, Debbie.

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11 06 2012
Debbie Roland

By the way my husband owns the Navy colt Cash used in the War. He also owns the gun used durning the duel. I’m trying to find out what Cash was doing after he left the 8th. I mean was he still in good standing when he left the 8th?

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11 06 2012
Harry Smeltzer

Debbie,

From above: “When the regiment reorganized in the spring of 1862, Cash was either not reelected or resigned because he was not promoted. Cash remained in reserve or with the state militia in South Carolina for the remainder of the war. He was an outspoken opponent of Reconstruction, and ran against Wade Hampton for governor because he felt Hampton was too soft to represent the white population of the state.”

His militia regiment was the 2nd SC State Reserves, and he served in it 1862-1863. From the sound of it, I would guess he was probably not in good standing with the Confederate military, since he was a relatively young man.

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11 06 2012
Harry Smeltzer

And I’d love to see images of the handguns you describe!

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9 05 2017
Mary Jane Hardy-Brewer

The Cash plantation, land, and family plot is still there. Maybe you would like to speak with my husband. CCBrewer23@gmail.com

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11 09 2017
MISCHA MYERS STEWART

Hello, Erica C. I have Cash slaves ancestors and I would like if you would please share more of what you remember as a child. My contact info uriahzaria@gmail.com

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26 02 2008
Harry Smeltzer

You’re welcome, Erica. Google is like a box of chocolates, and in this case led me to the Cash story.

Come back often.

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26 02 2008
Rick Allen

Interesting flag Harry. I’ve always liked that design…I think this is the first other example I have seen other than the 28th NC…..but I’m no Madeus.

Love the site man, and good to see you……finally!

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26 02 2008
Harry Smeltzer

It was good to meet you too, Rick. Hoped to talk more, but aliens must have snatched you and Stan out from under our noses.

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4 01 2010
ANDREA CASH

My ancestors were slaves on the Cash plantations. One of my family members wrote a book about some of the events of the slaves and that last duel.

Liked by 1 person

4 01 2010
Harry Smeltzer

Thanks for reading the blog, Andrea. If you have the title of the book and the author, please pass it along.

Liked by 1 person

11 09 2017
MISCHA MYERS STEWART

Hello, Andrea I have ancestors from the Cash family that was slaves. Would you please share the book title. Also, I can give you my contact information. This is my email uriahzaria@gmail.com

Liked by 2 people

16 10 2019
bocash3

Andrea, IF you should read this, please let me know how to find a copy of that book. THANKS, “Bo” Cash (bocash3@yahoo.com)

Liked by 1 person

31 01 2010
Images for Sale « Bull Runnings

[…] image of New York Congressman Alfred Ely, taken prisoner at Bull Run (I wrote a little bit about it here).  Price is […]

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9 03 2010
Talma

Do you know where the Crawford part in his name came from?
TC

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9 03 2010
Harry Smeltzer

I’m not sure. Hopefully that will turn up when I write his sketch.

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9 01 2011
Pat Yearty

In researching his family tree: Ellerbe Bogan Crawford Cash’s mother was Elizabeth E. Ellerbe, b. March 9, 1794–d. May 7, 1872 in Chesterfield Co. HER mother was Elizabeth Crawford, b. Dec. 6, 1770–d. Dec. 10, 1840 in Cheraw. Elizabeth Crawford is buried in the Ellerbe Family Burial Ground, Red Hill Plantation, 5 mi. S. of Cheraw.

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31 08 2011
Sabrina Self

so was cash’s plantaoin in cash or chesterfild or cheraw? dose anyone know where his home was at?

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31 08 2011
Harry Smeltzer

I believe it was in the Chesterfield District near Cheraw.

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18 09 2012
Jack Crawford Morris

It is from the Crawfords in Cason Old Field ,NC. He is an uncle of mine. David Crawford is my GGGF and Clayton Crawford is my GGF. At least this is what my grandmother told me. Her grandmother talked about him.

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20 06 2014
Congressman Alfred Ely | Bull Runnings

[…] For more on Ely, his capture, and his captor, go here. […]

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24 05 2015
Alex Malloy

Hi Harry, do you know of any books written about the slaves who lived on EBC Cash’s plantation?

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24 05 2015
Harry Smeltzer

Alex, I do not, but if you read the comments above you’ll find one from a descendant of Cash slaves. Hopefully they’ll see this.

Liked by 1 person

16 10 2019
bocash3

Col. Ellerbe Boggan Crawford Cash’s house was at Cash’s Depot, a small crossroads on Hwy 52, also called: Cash, SC. There is a Cash Baptist Church there. It is located between Society Hill and Cheraw. The railroad track runs parallel to the Highway where there is a Colonel Cash Road and a Cash Swamp Road, if I remember.

While I never saw his house in person, I was given a photograph of it in 1973, plus or minus a year, that showed the house basically falling down. It was at one time a grand old two story with tall wooden columns in the front holding up a porch roof. I was told it was bulldozed a short time later. I still have that photograph.

I have been to the family cemetery off of Hwy 52 a number of times, but was never able to spot exactly where his house stood as I came there years after the house was razed. I would love to find the old house pad. As Erica C. (above) stated, the cemetery is intact and well kept the last time I saw it, although son Boggan Cash’s tombstone was broken (top has fallen off as of about 2004 or so when I was last there).

Alfred Ely, mentioned above, wrote a book while in the Confederate Prison at Richmond after Col. Cash took him at pistol-point and had him slapped in there. I have a copy of it and a copy of the book that Col. Cash wrote about his duel with Col. William Shannon.

I am very interested in any book or writings by slave descendants of the Cash Plantation. If you do not mind sharing, please contact:::bocash3@yahoo.com

Thank you so much! William Boggan “Bo” Cash, Nebo, NC (McDowell County) 10-16-2019

Liked by 1 person

16 10 2019
bocash3

Additionally, I am a distant cousin of Debbie Roland’s husband, her comments above. He is a direct descendant of Col. Cash and inherited both the dueling pistol that killed Col. Wm. Shannon and the silver-handled Colt revolver he carried during First Bull Run in VA.

Liked by 1 person

17 10 2019
Christopher Cash Brewer

I am the Descendent of Colonel Cash!
My name is Christopher Cash Brewer you f anyone has info or would like to talk to me my email is
Ccbrewer23@gmail.com

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17 10 2019
Harry Smeltzer

All I ask is that, should a Cash reunion ensue, you invite me!

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