UPDATES: Please see the comments section for updates to this post.
Earlier I received the following comment to this post:
First off, excellent research and a great website on “Sherman’s Battery”. I have a question that is in the ball park. Do you know of what flag Major Wheat’s Battalion captured? Evan’s OR report said “capture of a stand of colors”. There were no OR reports on Wheat’s Battalion. This has many of us just completely stumped.
We are thinking either the 2nd Rhode Island or 11th New York regiment. We are working on ALL Union and Confederate flags that were captured during the Civil War. This project will take a long time.
If you have any information or could tell me where to find it, I would be very grateful.
Thank you, Sir,
I responded in brief to Shawn’s comment and told him that I would expand in the form of a post. I also forwarded the question to Jim Burgess at Manassas NBP.
The First Louisiana Special Battalion (Wheat’s Tigers) was the command of Major Roberdeau Wheat, part of Nathan Evans’ demi-brigade that was holding the far left of the Confederate line in the area of the Stone Bridge. The unit’s official report (OR) was apparently written by Captain Harris – remember that Wheat was severely wounded as described here (UPDATE: I found a report written by Wheat in the Supplement and you can read it here. No mention of captured flags.) I say apparently because, while Evans mentions it in his OR, there is a note indicating that the compilers of The Official Records were unable to locate Harris’ report. I sent a note to my friend Tom Clemens who has a set of the Supplement to the ORs, asking him to check and see if Harris’ report turns up there. (I’d really like to get my hands on the single volume of The Supplement that has the Bull Run stuff.)
Evans’ report, written just three days after the battle, includes this statement:
I send herewith a stand of colors taken during the action by Major Wheat’s battalion.
Evans submitted his report to Col. Philip St. George Cocke, though I’m not sure why. Cocke commanded the Fifth Brigade of Beauregard’s army. Other brigade commanders sent their reports to Beauregard or his AAG, Thomas Jordan. Unfortunately, Cocke did not write an OR for the battle, and he was dead by his own hand by the end of the year. Beauregard’s report, written in October, mentions having taken nine regimental and garrison flags, but does not identify any of the banners.
I don’t think that the battalion could have captured any of the 2nd Rhode Island’s colors. Lt. Col. Frank Wheaton’s report written on July 23 does not mention any lost colors. In addition, the battalion’s fight with the 2nd RI as recounted in this article by Gary Schreckengost describes the battalion as being driven from the enemy’s front while still about 20 yards away, hardly close enough to seize their colors. The author indicates that the battalion took part in Beauregard’s general advance later on Henry Hill. A Tiger reported to a New Orleans paper:
Our blood was on fire. Life was valueless. The boys fired one volley, then rushed upon the foe with clubbed rifles beating down their guard; then closed upon them with their knives, ‘Greek had met Greek’, the tug of war had come…[It] did not seem as though men were fighting…[but as if there] were devils mingling in the conflict, cursing, yelling, cutting, and shrieking.
It’s possible that the 11th New York Fire Zouaves were a part of the force against which the Louisianans fought. According to this site, it seems that while the New Yorkers did indeed lose their flags, they were subsequently recovered.
So, the long and the short of it is I don’t know what colors Evans was referring to in his report. How about you guys?