July 31. 61—
Mrs. M. C. Lee
Your letter & the two enclosed came to my quarters within the last hour[.] I assure you I feel deeply the gratitude due to an Overruling Providence for our deliverance. From the rumors & confirmed reports I gather that the sons of our noble old State had their full share in the actions of the 18th & 21st. As was proper they seemed to be the chief instruments & have suffered severely—
You will gather more of the details from papers than I can give you except that it is a fact that they brought a large number of handcuffs. I am told a box of them was marked for Officers –My brother told me he saw one numbered 500 or some such number but I am told there were thousands[.] A circular has been sent from our Head Qrts. Inquiring into it.
I was not in the fight. Crossing the river twice with my Brigade to take the offensive we were recalled both times, the lat time to go to Stone Bridge, the place of hardest contention[,] but the tide had turned before our arrival– It is curious to read the exulting letters picked up on the field, some of them disgraceful even to our enemies– Capt. Tillinghast – was killed Ramsey d[itt]o– Rickets is a prisoner– Orlando Wilcox d[itt]o. Dr Stone & Gray do. Andrew Porter[,] Fitz John Porter, Palmer, Stoneman, Miles, Heintzelman wounded, were on the field. One co of 2d Drag. & 6 of Cavalry– Major Sykes commanded a Battalion of Infantry– I have not made many inquiries as you may suppose it is painful to find our old Army friends active against us– Capt. Potter whom I left at Albuquerque N.M. professing never to take up arms against the South is a prisoner & I hear, loud in his threats of what they are going to do next– The general tone of the prisoners is impudent in the extreme—
Mr. Moss wrote on the back of the letter enclosing those from Mrs. Fitzhugh that “he had made inquiries & Arlington had not been much abused.” The papers state however that they were going to clear away the trees—
–Genl. Lee was traveling west a few days since but being without retinue it is likely [“likely” crossed out?] possible not to take the field– They are repairing the rail road bridges burnt when we fell back from Fairfax & it seems a general advance is contemplated. I think before very long you can go to Ravensworth & I hope to Arlington—
–I have had quite a holyday [sic] since the battle as changes in Brigades are being made. Fortunately they leave me my best Regt. And the best colonel I have seen (Rodes 5th Ala.) He is a Virginian & was a long time at the Institute—
–I have the same cavalry as before the battle and their horses are in fine condition. If Miss Lee want to visit the battle field or to go to Ravensworth it can be managed without difficulty, particularly as regards the field– The other would require notice a day or two before, but a horse could be sent to meet her at the Station[.]
–I believe I have told you all I know positively as regards who were present on the field & your other questions—
Mrs. Ricketts has joined her husband since the fight & she or some other Northern woman has been so violent in their expressions that it was threatened to put her in prison if she would not stop
–I have heard no names of the other ladies who came to enjoy our humiliation– Indeed I don’t know but Mrs. Ricketts came after the fight—
–It is not likely that the women who came along to spend the winter in Richmond were the wives of old Officers– They were I expect of the new forces or of volunteers– I am sure Mrs. Miles was not along or he would never have been able to return– Some blame is attached to us for not advancing in the panic, but although Alexandria might have been easily taken it would have been hard to hold & we were so embar[r]assed by wounded & prisoners that it would have been impossible to have supplied troops at that distance without the rail road—
With respects to Miss Mary
R S. Ewell
I will send you a list of Officers of the regular Army killed or Captured when I see a correct one – RSE–
Mary Lee Papers, Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Virginia MSS/L5144a 1334-1666 Sec. 24. Used with permission.
Transcribed by Donald Pfanz.