JCCW – Gen. Henry W. Slocum

3 06 2009

Testimony of Gen. Henry W. Slocum

Report on the Conduct of the War, Vol. 2, pp. 53-54

WASHINGTON, D. C., December 28, 1861.

General HENRY W. SLOCUM sworn and examined.

By Mr. Chandler:

Question. Were you in the battle of Bull Run ?

Answer. Yes, sir.

Question. In what command?

Answer. I had a regiment there.

Question. What regiment?

Answer. The 27th New York regiment.

Question. To which division of the army were you attached ?

Answer. To General Hunter’s.

Question. Then you occupied the extreme right?

Answer. Yes, sir.

Question. The final attack made by Johnston’s reserves was made upon your division, was it not?

Answer. Yes, sir; it was.

Question. Will you, very briefly, and as concisely as possible, describe the position of your force at that time, and for an hour and a half before the arrival of Johnston’s reserves?

Answer. I was wounded at two o’clock, and taken off the field, about the time Johnston’s forces came on it.

Question. Then you were not a witness to that attack?

Answer. No, sir; I was not a witness to the final rout of our army.

Question. When you were wounded and taken off the field was it your opinion that you had the advantage of the enemy?

Answer. Yes, sir.

Question. And you have not learned anything since to change your opinion of that?

Answer. No, sir. I supposed, when they took me to the hospital, that the day was ours.

By Mr. Johnson:

Question. What did you understand to be the amount of that last re-enforcement of Johnston’s?

Answer. I have been informed that it was about 4,000 men.

By Mr. Chandler:

Question. Can you tell me how far Schenck’s brigade was from your troops at that time?

Answer. No, sir; I cannot tell where it was.

Question. All you know about was the action of Hunter’s division?

Answer. Yes, sir.

By Mr. Odell:

Question. You were in Hunter’s division and rested at Centreville, did you not?

Answer. Yes, sir.

Question. Do you remember why it was you rested there an hour, or an hour and a half, on Sunday morning?

Answer. I never understood that. I understood that there was some confusion among the troops ahead of us. Somebody was in their way, I understood. It was a very unfortunate resting spell.

By Mr. Chandler:

Question. But for that you would have won the day?

Answer. Yes, sir; I think so.

By Mr. Odell:

Question. It changed the position of the enemy entirely, did it not?

Answer. It gave them this time to bring up their re-enforcements and rout us. If we had been there an hour sooner we should have carried the day. I was wounded on their strongest position. The place where I was wounded was where they had their best batteries at the time we came on the field; they had retired from that position, and left it entirely, and were probably a mile from us.

By Mr. Chandler:

Question. At the time you were wounded?

Answer. Yes, sir.

Question. And were in rout—retreating?

Answer. Yes, sir.

By Mr. Odell:

Question. Your regiment was camped in this city, in the open square back of Willard’s Hotel, for some time, was it not?

Answer. Yes, sir.

Question. And you started from there the morning of the advance?

Answer. Yes, sir.

Question. You crossed the Long Bridge?

Answer. Yes, sir; and went down to join McDowell’s column just below the Long Bridge, going out by Bailey’s Cross Roads.

Question. You rested there once one night?

Answer. We rested the first night at Anandale.

Question. And proceeded the next morning?

Answer. Yes, sir.

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